Ajax 78 RPM Records

Ajax Records

From Wikipedia
Ajax Records
Parent company Compo Company
Founded 1921
Founder H. S. Berliner
Genre Jazz, Blues, pop, country
Country of origin CanadaUnited States

Ajax Records was a North American record company, pressed in Canada and sold in the United States from1923 through 1925. The company produced several important jazz and blues recordings during a pivotal time period for African-American music.

HistoryThe label served as a subsidiary of the Compo Company of Lachine, Quebec.  Although a U.S. tradmark on the name “Ajax” was filed in 1921, Ajax did not issue its first record until October 1923.  The head of Ajax Records was H. S. Berliner, son of disc record pioneer Emile Berliner. Berliner’s corporate headquarters were in Montreal, Quebec, although US issues listed the company as being based in Chicago, Illinois, where its US office was located, but apparently no recording studio. Ajax is known to have used Compo’s recording studios in Montreal and New York City.  In addition to the sides which Ajax recorded themselves, the label also issued discs pressed from masters leased from New York Recording Laboratories and the Regal Record Company. The last Ajax released was in August of 1925.

Recordings and Marketing

Ajax was marketed as “The Superior Race Record” and “The Quality Race Record.”  It was sold for 75 cents.  The records were pressed in Quebec but distributed in USA only, and were Compo’s only operations in the United States.  Distribution of Ajax Records in the USA outside of the north-east and north-central part of the nation seems to have been poor.  The records carried a catalog sequence of 17000, ending with 17136. Artists such as Rosa HendersonEdna HicksViola McCoy, Helen Gross, Monette Moore, and Fletcher Henderson were among those who recorded for the label.  Mamie Smith, who went on to record for Victor Records when Ajax folded, was signed away from Okeh Records in 1924.  Joe Davis was an important talent scout for the label.  Although marketed as a “Race” label, some decidedly mainstream material was released on the label, including classical violin solos and pop sides by Arthur Fields and Arthur Hall  and some country material.


After Ajax was discontinued in 1925, some of the masters were reissued on the American Pathé label.  The audio fidelity of Ajax discs is above average for the time. Most issues are acoustic, but some late Ajax releases are electrically recorded.  The historical and musical importance of the performances, and the quality of the recordings and pressings make Ajax records highly sought-after by many record collectors.


3 Responses to “Ajax 78 RPM Records”

  1. Some errors here. Berliners headquarters were not in Quebec City at all! When I have some time Ill correct all the errors in the piece. I was, and still am, the prime researcher on Compo. More to come…..

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